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What Causes Tooth Plaque

Plaque buildup can cause serious dental problems if it goes unaddressed. While most people understand what plaque is, they do not always know how to take care of it. The dental experts at Rosa Dental would like to provide an overview on what plaque is and how to take care of it. Below you will find helpful information on what causes plaque and some ways to address it.


Plaque builds up around the gum line. It is sticky in texture, soft and colorless.  Plaque is a form of bacteria and it is made up of food particles and salvia. This plaque collects on teeth everyday and can cause some major dental problems. If plaque is not addressed on a daily basis it can cause cavities, periodontal disease, gingivitis, and it can turn into tater, which causes cavities.


The acid contained in plaque is the reason why it causes cavities.  The acid attacks tooth enamel after a person eats and if left on the tooth long enough breaks through the enamel allowing the cavity to take hold.  Plaque doesn’t just cause cavities it can also injure gums.  Plaque left along the gum line causes irritation and if it is not address can even cause gums to pull away from the teeth. It can also develop on tooth roots and under the gum. If this were to occur it can cause a breakdown of the bones supporting the teeth.


Tooth plaque can easily be prevented. The best way to prevent plaque buildup is for a person to brush their teeth at least twice a day with a soft rounded toothbrush. Pay close attention to where you brush and try to make sure that the space where gums and teeth meet are not missed. Another way a person can prevent plaque buildup is to floss between the teeth at least once a day. Flossing at least once a day helps to ensure that food particles and bacteria are removed. Antibacterial mouth rise can also reduce bacteria that can cause plaque and gum disease.


The final way to prevent plaque buildup is to see a dentist every six months for a checkup and teeth cleaning.  A dentist can also apply a sealant if needed. Sealants are thin plastic coatings that protect from cavities and decay.

More in this category: « Periodontal (Gum) Disease